What is Paris Climate Conference 2015 - COP 21 ?
COP21, also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, will be one of the largest international conferences ever held in France. In this context, France is facing a two-fold challenge:
as the host country, it will be responsible for hosting thousands of delegates and observers under the aegis of the United Nations, for two weeks, in the best possible conditions;
as the country taking over the COP Presidency, it will need to act as a facilitator among all parties to the negotiations, in order to create an atmosphere of confidence, bring viewpoints together and ensure that an agreement is adopted unanimously.
A Conference of the Parties with higher stakes than ever before
This Conference is crucial because it must result in an international climate agreement enabling us to limit global warming to below 2°C.
It will be necessary to reach a certain number of decisions in December 2015, building on the work carried out at COP20 in Lima.
Firstly, an ambitious, binding agreement on climate change that applies to all countries.
Secondly, intended national determined contributions (iNDC) representing the investment that each country feels able to make. Climate finance will also be a crucial component; in this regard, a milestone has been reached with the initial capitalization of the Green Climate Fund, amounting to $9.3 billion, including nearly $1 billion from France. Lastly, local and regional initiatives developed by local governments, civil society organizations and businesses will boost mobilization and supplement the contributions made by states